Imigranți sau refugiați?

Al Jazeera, trustul media al guvernului din Qatar, a hotărât să folosească denumirea de “refugiați” în loc de “imigranți” pentru masele de oameni care ajung în Europa din Africa și Orientul Mijlociu. Justificarea acestei decizii editoriale e acuratețea:

For reasons of accuracy, the director of news at Al Jazeera English, Salah Negm, has decided that we will no longer use the word migrant in this context. We will instead, where appropriate, say refugee.

At this network, we try hard through our journalism to be the voice of those people in our world who, for whatever reason, find themselves without one.

Migrant is a word that strips suffering people of voice. Substituting refugee for it is – in the smallest way – an attempt to give some back.

In the smallest way, bine spus. Guvernul din Qatar nu numai că nu a făcut nimic pentru imigranții din zonă, dar nu are nici o problemă în a exploata imigranții refugiații care construiesc infrastructura pentru Mondialul din 2022.

Ironia jurnalistică e că o decizie luată în numele acurateții, creează de fapt efectul opus. De asta New York Times continuă să folosească termenul de “imigranți”:

While imperfect, it is accurate to refer to both migrants and refugees as “migrants,” because they all belong to the class of people moving from one place to another. It is not accurate to refer to all migrants as refugees, however, as refugees have a special status under international law that does not apply to all migrants.

România văzută din afară

De pe Reddit:

I’d just like to say a few words about Romania, if you’ll hear me.

Romania has been getting a bad wrap for a very long time and there are like a 100+ countries that are considered perpetually “shit”.

You don’t expect much from those countries because they’ve always been “shit” and they will probably always stay “shit”.

But Romania, with all its difficulties, the gypsy minority, the general hate they get from many Western-European countries said that enough is enough.

They decided that the corruption must end, they invested in internet infrastructure, which gives them the best internet in Europe. They dug themselves out of that hole.

They’re awesome, and I think they are the light in the darkness that should show other countries that it doesn’t have to be that bad. That you are capable of change and growth.

I think Romania doesn’t get appreciated enough for all the great things they have achieved in the past decade and I wanted to somewhat spell it out and say that I’m proud of you guys, and I hope you keep at it!

Succesul țărilor scandinave nu se datorează socialismului

Scandinavian countries appear to many to be exceptional social democratic success stories because they are able to maintain economic prosperity while balancing financial equality and social welfare.

So what makes Scandinavia exceptional? According to Nima Sanandaji, a Swedish research fellow at the Centre for Policy Studies in London, the answer is nothing. The Institute of Economic Affairs recently published his book Scandinavian Unexceptionalism, which shows that Scandinavia’s successes should not be attributed to its embrace of social democracy in the late 20th century.

In this fluid and easy read, Sanandaji makes a compelling argument that the success of Scandinavian countries is not the result of increased public sector, but rather the free-market principals and work ethic that preceded the welfare state.

Daily Signal – Why Scandinavia is Unexceptional

Cafea în loc de bere

How did coffee and the way that it was consumed change London?

It sobered people up, for a start. Before coffee everyone was either slightly or very drunk all day long because you couldn’t drink river water — or to some extent well water because people used to fall in and their bodies would decompose — unless you had a death wish. One might say the arrival of coffee triggers a dawn of sobriety and that lays the foundation for spectacular economic growth, as people are thinking clearly for the first time in their history. But more fundamental is the idea of sociability, that people should be allowed to have opinions on stuff that matters.

Five Books – An Interview with Matthew Green on London’s Addictions

Din România până-n Portugalia cu microbuzul

The mother cleans a hotel for €5 per hour. The new construction in which she lives isn’t finished yet, but she doesn’t want to return to Romania no matter what, she is that happy here.

Talic sits next to her at her kitchen table and is too tired to talk. Tomorrow at eight he goes back to Romania. He says that he just remembered something. To the question, what it’s like to be a Romanian in Europe. He has the answer. Being Romanian in Europe is no nationality at all. Being Romanian is a job.

Juan Moreno – The Last European: Romanian Driver Navigates the Soul of the EU

Capitularea condiționată a Germaniei

If anybody has capitulated, it is Germany. The German government has just agreed, in principle, to another multibillion-euro bailout of Greece – the third so far. In return, it has received promises of economic reform from a Greek government that makes it clear that it profoundly disagrees with everything that it has just agreed to. The Syriza government will clearly do all it can to thwart the deal it has just signed. If that is a German victory, I would hate to see a defeat.

As for this stuff about the trashing of democracy in Greece – that too is nonsense. The Greek referendum on July 5 was in essence a vote that the rest of the eurozone should continue to lend Greece billions – but on conditions determined in Athens. That was never realistic. The real constraint on Greece’s freedom of actions is not the undemocratic nature of the EU. It is the fact that Greece is bust.

Gideon Rachman – Germany’s conditional surrender

Economie mică, așteptări mari

Economia greacă nu era pregătită pentru sfârșitul de secol XX și în niciun caz pregătită pentru mileniul 3. Ca să-l citez pe Ricardo Haussman, “Grecia exportă fructe, ulei de măsline, tutun, bumbac neprocesat și petrol rafinat” – nefiind foarte competitivă datorită salariilor bune și birocrației… “Grecia nu produce produse chimice, electronice sau mașinării”… “Din fiecare $10 produși pe glob în industria IT, în Grecia e un cent.” Turismul e performant dar taxat într-o mică măsură. O structură similară aveau economiile europene acum 200 de ani, așa sunt multe economii africane acum. Dar productivitatea și veniturile la buget vor fi în consecință. Portugalia are o datorie de 130% din PIB, Italia de 132% dar nu atrag atenția ca Grecia, asta pentru că sunt țări un pic (Portugalia) sau mai mult (Italia) adaptate ca structură a economiei la epoca în care trăim.

Poți să ai o economie exact pe tiparul grec și să o duci bine (deficite mici sau non-existente, datorie controlabilă), dar nu cu beneficiile, așteptările și serviciile sociale la standarde europene sau măcar la cote apropiate de ele. Bahamas nu e Olanda, Guineea Ecuatorială nu e Austria și Trinidad-Tobago nu e Germania. Cele trei țări non-europene identificate în fraza anterioară au valorile ale PIB/locuitor foarte apropiate de cel al Greciei…

Barbu Mateescu – Grecia în trei imagini

Apologia statului asistențial

Azi nici nu mai există stânga sau dreapta.

Nici în Europa și nici la noi. Există state cu o puternică educație a muncii și state asistențiale. Știți care este principalul efect al acestui stat asistențial? Prostirea populației! Coruperea ei! Îndepărtarea de educație și blocarea într-un sistem minimal dar toxic, căci el dă dependență! Știți care este culmea populismului celor care susţin statul asistenţial? Retorica anti-capitalistă, anti-bănci, teoriile conspiraţiei… când tu ştii că un sistem prin definiţie deficitar nu poate fi finanţat decât fie pe credit fie prin devalorizare, nu-i aşa că trebuie să ai tupeu ca să urli că băncile nu ţin cu săracii?

Moise Guran – Dilema bunicului și prostiile marxiste care ne otrăvesc azi tineretul

Legile lumii economice

Lumea asta are niste legi ale ei. Si ordinea economica le are. Mai devreme sau mai tarziu, nu poti consuma mai mult decat produci, nu poti crea avutie nationala tiparind inscrisuri de hartie, nu poti creste economic cand capacitatile productive sunt redirectionate spre parazitare statista, nu poti da directie unei entitati atat de complexe ca economia reala aducand din condei statistic si trancanind mediatic si academic despre economia simbolica.

Dragoș Paul Aligică – Cazul Greciei