Justificarea violului

In Muhammad’s Biography, we read of his conflict with the Jewish tribe of Bani Qurayza, which led him to raid and seize it for almost a month, before the people eventually surrendered. Following the decree of one of his companions, he instructed that “the men should be killed, the property divided, and the women and children taken as captives.” To kill the men, the Prophet dug trenches, and struck off their heads. As for the captive women, the Prophet sold them to purchase horses and weapons in return, except one gorgeous woman, Rayhana, whom he “kept for himself.” Though Rayhana’s husband had just been murdered and she refused to quit Judaism to embrace Islam, the Prophet declared her one of his wives.

Ayman S. Ibrahim – Why Did the ISIS Caliph Rape American Kayla Mueller?

Succesul țărilor scandinave nu se datorează socialismului

Scandinavian countries appear to many to be exceptional social democratic success stories because they are able to maintain economic prosperity while balancing financial equality and social welfare.

So what makes Scandinavia exceptional? According to Nima Sanandaji, a Swedish research fellow at the Centre for Policy Studies in London, the answer is nothing. The Institute of Economic Affairs recently published his book Scandinavian Unexceptionalism, which shows that Scandinavia’s successes should not be attributed to its embrace of social democracy in the late 20th century.

In this fluid and easy read, Sanandaji makes a compelling argument that the success of Scandinavian countries is not the result of increased public sector, but rather the free-market principals and work ethic that preceded the welfare state.

Daily Signal – Why Scandinavia is Unexceptional

Cafea în loc de bere

How did coffee and the way that it was consumed change London?

It sobered people up, for a start. Before coffee everyone was either slightly or very drunk all day long because you couldn’t drink river water — or to some extent well water because people used to fall in and their bodies would decompose — unless you had a death wish. One might say the arrival of coffee triggers a dawn of sobriety and that lays the foundation for spectacular economic growth, as people are thinking clearly for the first time in their history. But more fundamental is the idea of sociability, that people should be allowed to have opinions on stuff that matters.

Five Books – An Interview with Matthew Green on London’s Addictions

Atrocitatea războiului

Here, men on both sides developed extraordinarily creative ways of killing one another. They fired bursts of artillery at the tree tops so that splinters would tear through the people below. They learnt to play on the instincts of their enemies, placing landmines wherever they might seek shelter, such as in hollows or shell holes. Soldiers were often afraid to look about them, because they were too busy scanning the forest floor for trip wires. The Germans, in particular, developed a habit of placing explosive charges beneath American wounded or dead, knowing that as soon as a rescue team or burial party tried to move them, they, too, would be killed by the explosion.

Keith Lowe – Antony Beevor: ‘There are things that are too horrific to put in a book’

Cea mai bună Românie din istoria ei

Un comentariu atribuit Mirelei Miroiu, descoperit pe reddit în perioada ultimelor alegeri prezidențiale, care pune în context vremurile pe care le trăim.

Dragilor:

  1. Suntem stat din 1859, respectiv trăim împreună din 1918 (bunica mea s-a născut în Imperiul austro-ungar, în județul Hunedoara, pe 4 noiembrie, acum 100 de ani). Practic nu avem decât 96 de ani.
  2. Pană în 1859 am avut sclavie: cea a romilor.
  3. Am început secolul XX 80% analfabeți (72% bărbați, 92% femei)
  4. Cetățenia politica generala a bărbaților a început acum 91 de ani (1923) și a durat 16 ani. A femeilor a început in mod real acum 24 de ani, in 1990.
  5. Din 1939 Romania a trăit doar in dictaturi pana în 1989 (50 de ani).
  6. Am intrat in comunism 80% populație de țărani, cu peste 40% populație analfabetă.
  7. Nimeni nu e profet în țara lui, asa că în 1990 nu am putut călca peste umbra noastră.
  8. Politicienii din ultimii aproape 25 de ani au fost progresiști, retrograzi, cinstiți, hrăpăreți, nesimțiți sau bine intenționați. Ca noi toți.
  9. Trăim, categoric, în cea mai bună Românie din istoria ei.
  10. Putem sa alegem sa trăim în Romania europeana a oamenilor serioși, harnici, responsabili, competitivi, cumsecade.

O mică undă de speranță

Few will have the greatness to bend history itself, but each of us can work to change the small portion of events, and in the total of all those acts will be written the history of this generation. It is from numerous diverse acts of courage and belief that human history is shaped. Each time a man stands for an ideal, or acts to improve the lot of others, or strikes out against injustice, he sends forth a tiny ripple of hope, and crossing each other from a million different centers of energy and daring, those ripples build a current that can sweep down the mightiest of walls of oppression and resistance.

Robert F. Kennedy – Day of Affirmation Speech

Cruciadele defensive


Thomas Madden, profesor de istorie specializat în perioada medievală și cruciade:

The Crusades were not brutal wars of colonial oppression or zealous attempts to spread Christianity by the sword. The First Crusade was called in 1095 by Pope Urban II in response to desperate appeals from the Christians of the Middle East, who had lately been conquered and continued to be persecuted by the Turks. And these were only the latest in more than four centuries of attacks on Christian peoples by Muslim powers. At some point Christianity as a faith and as a culture had to defend itself or else be subsumed by Islam.


By the end of the fourteenth century only tiny remnants of Christianity remained here and there in the East and North Africa, having been almost completely wiped out by Muslim persecution. Thus, as Philip Jenkins put it, Christianity became a European faith because Europe was the only “continent where it was not destroyed.” Thus, by the time of the First Crusade, Christendom had been fighting a defensive war with Islam for more than 450 years! (…)

Thus the fact remains that the Crusades were fundamentally defensive, and it is against this general background of chronic and long-standing Western grievances that the very specific provocations for the Crusades must be considered.

Rodney Stark – The Triumph of Christianity

Războiul sfânt al Rusiei

Două articole de context despre felul în care naționalismul și fanatismul religios tind să-i mâne în luptă pe ruși. De-a lungul istoriei…

…‘[the enemy] suffered defeat from the Russian people, that is, rather from God’. Not for nothing has his history been reprinted century after century so that every generation can learn, long before the emergence of Napoleon or Hitler, the key lesson to Russia’s survival: only unity, cemented by faith, can defeat foreign invasion.


Acest amestec latent de naționalism și habotnicie a fost cultivat tot mai mult de Putin și serviciile secrete în colaborare cu Biserica Ortodoxă Rusească. Al doilea articol avertizează că propaganda rusească de stat așează de ani buni temelia pentru un război sfânt, un jihad împotriva Occidentului decadent. Purtătorul de cuvânt al patriarhiei de la Moscova, într-un interviu recent:

“It is no coincidence that we have often, at the price of our own lives … stopped all global projects that disagreed with our conscience, with our vision of history and, I would say, with God’s own truth .. Such was Napoleon’s project, such was Hitler’s project. We will stop the American project too.”

 

Mitul Churchill

Rolul glorios al lui Churchill în Al Doilea Război Mondial ascunde o carieră altfel marcată de eșecuri și decizii greșite:

Despite a record of failure and misjudgement that in any other politician would offset even the most considerable achievements, Churchill in death has become largely untouchable by all, apart from those who are dismissed as mavericks and sectarians. The myth keeps us from an honest interpretation of our history in the first half of the 20th century. The false and romanticised picture we have of him, created by his reputation from 1940-45, is a huge obstacle to true understanding.